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Nutrient Composition

Higher Dietary Choline and Betaine Intakes Are Associated with Better Body Composition in the Adult Population of Newfoundland, Canada 11/05/2016

Abstract Background Choline is an essential nutrient and betaine is an osmolyte and methyl donor. Both are important to maintain health including adequate lipid metabolism. Supplementation of dietary...

Iodine deficiency in the UK: grabbing the low-hanging fruit 26/04/2016

Abstract In this era of global obesity and diabetes epidemics, simple solutions to public health problems seem almost inconceivable. And if such an easily solved issue were to arise, it might be...

Dietary intake and food sources of choline in European populations 28/12/2015

Abstract Choline is an important nutrient for humans. Choline intake of the European population was assessed considering the European Food Safety Authority European Comprehensive Food Consumption...

Association of protein intake with the change of lean mass among elderly women: The Osteoporosis Risk Factor and Prevention – Fracture Prevention Study (OSTPRE-FPS) 16/12/2015

Abstract Low protein intake can lead to declined lean mass (LM) in elderly. We examined the associations of total protein (TP), animal protein (AP) and plant protein (PP) intakes with LM. The...

Costs and benefits of iodine supplementation for pregnant women in a mildly to moderately iodine-deficient population: a modelling analysis 09/08/2015

Background Results from previous studies show that the cognitive ability of offspring might be irreversibly damaged as a result of their mother's mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy. A reduced...

Higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are related to a reduced risk of depression. 14/05/2015

Abstract Vitamin D has been suggested to protect against depression, but epidemiological evidence is scarce. The present study investigated the relationship of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)...

The effect of breakfast type and frequency of consumption on glycemic response in overweight/obese late adolescent girls 25/02/2015

Background/Objectives The primary aim was to examine the daily glycemic response to normal-protein (NP) vs higher-protein (HP) breakfasts in overweight adolescents who habitually skip breakfast (H-BS...

Novel insights on nutrient management of sarcopenia in elderly 29/01/2015

Abstract Sarcopenia is defined as a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and strength. The more rationale approach to delay the progression of sarcopenia is based...

Tryptophan promotes charitable donating 17/12/2014

Abstract The link between serotonin (5-HT) and one of the most important elements of prosocial behavior, charity, has remained largely uninvestigated. In the present study, we tested whether...

Diets Higher in Protein Predict Lower High Blood Pressure Risk in Framingham Offspring Study Adults 20/11/2014

Background Short-term clinical trials suggest that dietary protein lowers blood pressure (BP); however, long-term effects of total, animal, and plant proteins are less clear. Our goal was to evaluate...