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Nutrient Composition

The effect of breakfast type and frequency of consumption on glycemic response in overweight/obese late adolescent girls 25/02/2015

Background/Objectives The primary aim was to examine the daily glycemic response to normal-protein (NP) vs higher-protein (HP) breakfasts in overweight adolescents who habitually skip breakfast (H-BS...

Novel insights on nutrient management of sarcopenia in elderly 29/01/2015

Abstract Sarcopenia is defined as a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and strength. The more rationale approach to delay the progression of sarcopenia is based...

Tryptophan promotes charitable donating 17/12/2014

Abstract The link between serotonin (5-HT) and one of the most important elements of prosocial behavior, charity, has remained largely uninvestigated. In the present study, we tested whether...

Diets Higher in Protein Predict Lower High Blood Pressure Risk in Framingham Offspring Study Adults 20/11/2014

Background Short-term clinical trials suggest that dietary protein lowers blood pressure (BP); however, long-term effects of total, animal, and plant proteins are less clear. Our goal was to evaluate...

Optimal Serum Selenium Concentrations Are Associated with Lower Depressive Symptoms and Negative Mood among Young Adults 05/11/2014

TS Conner, AC Richardson, JC Miller. J Nutr. 2014 Nov 5. pii: jn.114.198010. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract BACKGROUND: There is evidence that low, and possibly high, selenium status is associated...

Prevalence of and interventions for sarcopenia in ageing adults: a systematic review. Report of the International Sarcopenia Initiative (EWGSOP and IWGS) 21/09/2014

Objective:  To examine the clinical evidence reporting the prevalence of sarcopenia and the effect of nutrition and exercise interventions from studies using the consensus definition of sarcopenia...

The effectiveness of leucine on muscle protein synthesis, lean body mass and leg lean mass accretion in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis 19/09/2014

Abstract In the present study, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the ability of leucine supplementation to increase the muscle protein fraction synthetic rate and to augment lean body mass or...

Maternal Intake Of Dietary Methyl Donors In Pregnancy And Childhood Asthma At 7 Years 20/05/2014

Rationale: Prenatal folate and other methyl donor intake are currently being evaluated as potential contributors to the development of childhood asthma. Existing studies have been variable, showing...

Eggs: the uncracked potential for improving maternal and young child nutrition among the world's poor 07/05/2014

Abstract Eggs have been consumed throughout human history, though the full potential of this nutritionally complete food has yet to be realized in many resource-poor settings around the world. Eggs...

Preconception Dietary Patterns in Human Pregnancies Are Associated with Preterm Delivery 30/04/2014

Abstract Maternal nutrition can have a profound effect on fetal growth, development, and subsequent infant birth weight. Preconception dietary patterns have not been assessed in relation to perinatal...