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Industry data

Eggs in packing

The following tables outline various facts and figures about egg production, consumption, market breakdown and other industry data.

These figures were updated on 2 May 2019 and are for year ending 31 December 2018 (unless otherwise stated).  Due to anomolies in the import/export data, which are under investigation by HMRC, these statistics will remain provisional estimates until further notice

Egg market size in 2018 (industry estimate)

UK Production

11,139 million eggs

Imports

1,897 million eggs

Exports

188 million eggs

Total UK Consumption

13,148 million eggs (+2%)

UK self-sufficiency 

87%

Number of eggs eaten each day, and each year

Number of eggs eaten in the UK in 2018 (industry estimate - based on population of 66m)

Total per annum

13,148 million (13.1 billion)

Per capita

199

Number per day

36 million

Retail

Retail egg market 2018 (industry estimate)

Sales value

 £1,035m (+5%) 

Sales volume

 7.2bn (+4%) 

UK egg market breakdown for 2018 (industry estimate)

Retail (shell eggs)

    56%

Egg Products (eggs processed for food manufacture/foodservice)

    21%

Foodservice (shell eggs)  

    23%

 

Retail sector - outlet share 2018 (industry estimate)

Multiples

64.9%

Discounters

22.6%

Co-ops

3.6%

Market Stalls

1.1%

Independents and symbols

1.1%

Butchers

0.9%

Bargain stores

1.5%

Others

4.3%

Egg types

Egg type breakdown 

Total Market (Defra) 2018

Laying cage

44%

Free Range

54% (inc estimated 2% organic)

Barn

1%

Retail Sector (Kantar) 2018

Laying cage

35%

Free Range

63% (inc estimated 1.5% organic)

Barn

2%

 

UK laying flock - industry estimate

2018

41m

Egg consumption in the UK

Since 2006, egg consumption in the UK has grown year on year, rising by 3bn eggs over that period.  This is an average growth of 260m eggs per year.  The UK has seen 12 years of continuous consumption growth.  Free range sales have also risen sharply and now represent 63% of retail egg sales, which is double their level in 2004 (32%).  Overall production of free range eggs, which will also include eggs for foodservice and food manufacturing has also doubled from 27% to 54%.

Overall per capita consumption has grown from 171 eggs per person per year to 199 eggs per person per year from 2004 to 2018.  The vast majority of growth has been in retail consumption, which has risen from 83 eggs per person per year to 109 eggs per person per year (a rise of 26 eggs of the total rise of 28 eggs).  The majority of eggs are sold through the retail channel, equating to about 56% of total sales up from 48% in 2004, while foodservice equates for 23% and food manufacturing 21%.

The value of retail egg sales is just over £1bn, which has risen by approximately £400m since 2004.  Most of those eggs (87%) are sold through multiple retailers

Download industry data

Download Industry data 2004 - 2017.

See also

Calories in an egg

Egg nutrition

Egg sizes