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Cholesterol / CVD
Dietary cholesterol has been suggested to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which has led to US recommendations to reduce cholesterol intake.
The authors examine the effects of dietary cholesterol on CVD risk in healthy adults by using systematic review and meta-analysis.
Nicklas TA, O'Neil CE, Fulgoni, VL, J Nutr. 2015 Jan;145(1):170S-6S. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.194068. Epub 2014 Dec 3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25527676
Background: Associations between food patterns and adiposity are poorly understood.
Objective: Two statistical approaches were used to examine the potential association between egg consumption and adiposity.
Prospective data examining the relationship between dietary protein intake and incident coronary heart disease (CHD) are inconclusive. Most evidence is derived from homogenous populations such as health professionals. Large community-based analyses in more diverse samples are lacking.
Previously published research that examined the effects of high egg consumption in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) produced conflicting results leading to recommendations to limit egg intake. However, people with T2D may benefit from egg consumption because eggs are a nutritious and convenient way of improving protein and micronutrient contents of the diet, which have importance for satiety and weight management.
A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines Endorsed by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, American Pharmacists Association, American Society for Nutrition, American Society for Preventive Cardiology, American Society of Hypertension, Association of Black Cardiologists, National Lipid Association, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, and WomenHeart: The National Coalition for Women With Heart Disease
BMJ 2015; 350 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h835 (Published 18 February 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;350:h835
A draft version of a document due out later this year may no longer warn consumers to limit their consumption of dietary cholesterol. The 2015 version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which are revised every five years, have urged US consumers to limit cholesterol in their diet since the 1980s.
Prevailing recommendations call for restricting intake of dietary cholesterol and eggs for those at risk of heart disease, despite accumulating evidence challenging this association. Our prior studies showed no short-term adverse effects of daily egg intake on cardiac risk factors in at-risk adults.
We conducted this study to determine effects of daily egg consumption in adults with established coronary artery disease (CAD).