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Satiety / energy balance
Few studies exist that have systematically examined the role of protein, and egg protein in particular, in appetite and energy intake regulation in children.
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three different types of breakfast on appetite and energy intake at subsequent meals in children.
Dietary protein at breakfast has been shown to enhance satiety and reduce subsequent energy intake more so than carbohydrate or fat. However, relatively few studies have assessed substitution of protein for carbohydrate on indicators of appetite and glucose homeostasis simultaneously.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the daily consumption of normal-protein (NP) vs. high-protein (HP) breakfast meals improves appetite control, food intake, and body composition in “breakfast skipping” young people with overweight/obesity.
THE steaming plate of fish balls in tomato sauce looks and smells appetising enough, but I hesitate to tuck in, and not just because it's 10 in the morning. These processed balls are no ordinary food: they could represent the future of the weight loss industry.
Think of diet food and what usually springs to mind is tiny portions of insubstantial fare. Not so for a range of foods designed to work by being more filling than usual – meaning that, in theory, you should eat less.
Dietary guidelines recommend interchanging protein foods (e.g., chicken for red meat), but they may be exchanged for carbohydrate-rich foods varying in quality [glycemic load (GL)]. Whether such exchanges occur and how they influence long-term weight gain are not established.
Our objective was to determine how changes in intake of protein foods, GL, and their interrelationship influence long-term weight gain.
A workplace programme, called Passport to Health, was trialled at Gatwick Airport in order to assess whether offering health resources to security staff could have a positive impact on dietary behaviour, perceived health, weight management and physical activity. Security staff were selected as they work shifts, which presents particular challenges regarding diet and exercise.
Breakfast skipping is a common dietary habit practiced among adolescents and is strongly associated with obesity.
The objective was to examine whether a high-protein (HP) compared with a normal-protein (NP) breakfast leads to daily improvements in appetite, satiety, food motivation and reward, and evening snacking in overweight or obese breakfast-skipping girls.