Nutrient composition

The Nutrient Rich Foods Index helps to identify healthy, affordable foods

Background The Nutrient Rich Foods (NRF) Index is a formal scoring system that ranks foods on the basis of their nutrient content. When used in conjunction with a food prices database, it can help identify foods that are both nutritious and affordable. Objective Our aim was to identify...

Choline metabolism and risk of breast cancer in a population-based study

Choline is an essential nutrient required for methyl group metabolism, but its role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression is not well understood. By utilizing a population-based study of 1508 cases and 1556 controls, we investigated the associations of dietary intake of choline and two...

Dietary intakes of choline in US infants, children and women

Background Choline, an essential nutrient, is present in human milk and important for brain function. Adequate intakes (AIs) for choline were established by the IOM in 1998, but nationally representative estimates of intake are limited. Objective To assess intakes and sources of choline in...

Choline in the diets of the US population: NHANES, 2003-3004

Objective To estimate choline intakes of US subpopulations including children, men, women and pregnant women. Background Choline is an essential nutrient which plays critical roles in brain development and homocysteine metabolism. Choline is widely distributed in foods; good sources...