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Nutrient composition

The effect of breakfast type and frequency of consumption on glycemic response in overweight/obese late adolescent girls

Background/Objectives

The primary aim was to examine the daily glycemic response to normal-protein (NP) vs higher-protein (HP) breakfasts in overweight adolescents who habitually skip breakfast (H-BS). The secondary aim examined whether the glycemic response to these meals differed in H-BS vs habitual breakfast consumers (H-BC).

Prevalence of and interventions for sarcopenia in ageing adults: a systematic review. Report of the International Sarcopenia Initiative (EWGSOP and IWGS)

Objective: 

To examine the clinical evidence reporting the prevalence of sarcopenia and the effect of nutrition and exercise interventions from studies using the consensus definition of sarcopenia proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP).

Diets Higher in Protein Predict Lower High Blood Pressure Risk in Framingham Offspring Study Adults

Background

Short-term clinical trials suggest that dietary protein lowers blood pressure (BP); however, long-term effects of total, animal, and plant proteins are less clear. Our goal was to evaluate effects of these dietary proteins on mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) and incident high BP (HBP) risk among middle-aged adults in the Framingham Offspring Study.

Optimal Serum Selenium Concentrations Are Associated with Lower Depressive Symptoms and Negative Mood among Young Adults

TS Conner, AC Richardson, JC Miller. J Nutr. 2014 Nov 5. pii: jn.114.198010. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is evidence that low, and possibly high, selenium status is associated with depressed mood. More evidence is needed to determine whether this pattern occurs in young adults with a wide range of serum concentrations of selenium.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine if serum selenium concentration is associated with depressive symptoms and daily mood states in young adults.

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