Whole egg consumption in relation to bone health of the US population: a cross-sectional study | Egg Recipes – British Lion Eggs

Whole egg consumption in relation to bone health of the US population: a cross-sectional study

Shi Da. Jan 2024. Whole egg consumption in relation to bone health of the US population: a cross-sectional study. Food Funct. doi: 10.1039/d3fo04248k

Osteoporosis, a condition that is characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD), is a serious health concern worldwide. This study aims to explore the relationship between whole egg consumption and BMD levels in the US population. This study involves 19 208 participants with valid BMD and egg consumption data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) during 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2013-2014 and 2017-2018. Linear regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between whole egg consumption and BMD levels.

Mediation analysis was used to investigate the role of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the above relationship. After multivariate adjustment, participants consuming whole eggs over 3.53 ounce per day in their diet were found to have elevated BMD levels in the femur (0.013 g cm-2 with 95% CI: 0.004, 0.022) and lumbar spine (0.013 g cm-2 with 95% CI: 0.002, 0.024) (Ptrend < 0.05). The additive interaction of egg consumption and body mass index (BMI) on the BMD of both the femur and lumbar spine (Pinteraction < 0.05) was also analyzed.

The association between whole egg consumption and BMD of both the femur and lumbar spine were significantly mediated by ALP with 71.8% and 83.3% mediation proportion, respectively. In general, higher whole egg consumption is positively related to an increase in the BMD scores of both the femur and lumbar spine among the US population.

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