The effect of egg and its derivatives on vascular function: A systematic review of interventional studies
Emamat, H., Saneei Totmaj, A., Tangestani, H., Hekmatdoost, A., October 2020, The effect of egg and its derivatives on vascular function: A systematic review of interventional studies, Clinical Nutrition Espen, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2020.06.016
Background & aims
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are considered as a major cause of health loss for all regions of the world. Atherosclerosis is one of the most important underlying causes of CVDs. Vascular dysfunction is the primary marker of atherosclerosis. Various studies have investigated the effect of egg intake on CVDs. This study aimed to determine the effect of egg and its derivatives consumption on vascular function.
Using a comprehensive search strategy, the searching was conducted on PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar search engines resources (from inception up to Feb 2020).
Intended exposure and outcome were egg or its derivatives intake, and vascular function measuring methods, respectively.
A total of 35 papers were found through search databases. Finally, seven trials were included, which were published between 2005 and 2018. Results showed that acute and chronic consumption of whole eggs did not have a significant adverse effect on flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). Also, lutein-enriched egg yolk and egg ovalbumin-derived protein hydrolysate did not have significant positive effects on FMD and pulse wave velocity (PWV), respectively. However, one month egg-yolk-derived phospholipid (PL) preparation intervention increased FMD by 3.4% (p < 0.05), and replacing a portion of a glucose challenge with whole eggs or egg whites improved postprandial FMD (p < 0.05).
We concluded that consumption of whole egg, despite being rich in cholesterol, has no adverse effect on vascular function, and even some of egg derivatives may improve vascular function. Further research is needed to justify the potential effects of egg or its derivatives on vascular function.