Content beyond this point is designed
for health professionals only.

Are you a health professional?

Clicking 'no' will redirect you to the consumer nutrition section of our website.

YesNo

You are here

Egg intake and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents: role of physical activity. The Helena study

23/07/2013

Introduction
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the main cause of morbi-mortality in western countries. Serum cholesterol levels have been related to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Egg intake has been indirectly related to the risk of developing CVD because of its high cholesterol content.
 
Objective
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between egg intake and CVD risk factors in adolescents, assessing the possible influence of physical activity.
 
Methods
We studied 380 adolescents enrolled in the HELENA (HEalthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Food intake was estimated by 2 nonconsecutive 24 h recalls. We measured adiposity indicators, lipid profile, blood glucose and insulin levels, insulin resistance, blood pressure and cardiorespiratory fitness. A CVD risk score was computed as a measure of the overall CVD risk profile. Physical activity was objectively measured by accelerometry. Sexual development was examined. Socioeconomic and smoking statuses were obtained by questionnaire. The association between egg intake and CVD risk factors was examined using a multilevel analysis adjusted for potential confounders.
 
Results
Egg intake was not associated with lipid profile, adiposity, insulin resistance, blood pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness or the integrated CVD risk score. This lack of association was not influenced by physical activity.
 
Conclusions
The findings of the present study suggest that egg intake is not associated with a less favorable lipid or CVD risk profile in adolescents. This lack of association is not influenced by the level of physical activity. 

Reference

Soriano-Maldonado A, Cuenca-García M, Moreno LA, et al. (2013)."Ingesta de huevo y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en adolescentes; papel de la actividad física. Estudio HELENA". Nutrición Hospitalaria 2013; 28:868-877 DOI:10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6392
 

Does this page need the Health Professionals check popup?

Research news tags: