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Eggs are one of the most nutritious foods money can buy, but what are nutrients fundamentally? There are two separate types; macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients refer to the big three which are carbohydrates, protein and fat, whilst micronutrients comprise the vitamins and minerals. As a whole, nutrients are the elements in your food which provide the body with energy and materials for growth and maintenance.
Eggs are a natural source of many nutrients including high quality protein, vitamins and minerals. A medium egg contains less than 70 calories.
Eggs are naturally rich in vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B12, vitamin D, selenium and iodine. They also contain vitamin A and a number of other B vitamins including folate, biotin, pantothenic acid and choline, and other essential minerals and trace elements, including phosphorus.
For more information on the specific nutrients found in eggs, please visit the sections below. If you are a health professional or journalist, visit our health professionals section.
How many calories are there in an egg? How much protein? See our nutritional information table and get the facts.
For further details of the vitamins and minerals in an egg, and their benefits.
Eggs contain some fat, an essential part of the diet. Find out more about the fatty acids in eggs here
Eggs are a good source of high quality protein. Find out more about the protein in eggs in this section
Advice on eggs and cholesterol has changed – find out more here
Find out more about egg white nutrition and egg yolk nutrition, including the vitamins, minerals, essential fats and proteins found in each, and their benefits.